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History of Argentina

 

The original Argentines came southward as the last ice age wound down, between 10 and 20 thousand years ago...

 

European Contact and Settlement (1516-1580)

While Amerigo Vespucci, namesake of the Americas, had explored Brazil's immense coastline, it was Juan de Solís who became the first European to land on the banks of the Río de la Plata...

 

Colonial Argentina (1580-1789)

In addition to its super-abundance of livestock, Buenos Aires also boasted a natural port on the Atlantic, making it a convenient center of trade...

 

Revolution and Independence (1789-1816)

Spain's empire, riddled with corruption and mismanagement, declined in power throughout the 18th century as those of Britain and France ascended...

 

Building Argentina (1816-1880)

The Tucumán congress had tried to create a nation, but that proved to be an elusive and bloody task...

 
 

Populism and Perón (1930-1955)

Support for the new military regime turned to disgust when it proved to be not only ineffective, but corrupt and heavy handed...

 

The Guerrilla Movement (1955-1976)

The bond between the working class and the military proved flimsy without the glue of Perón's remarkable charisma...

 

The Dirty War (1976-1983)

The Process, as it came to be known, aimed first to tame the rampant inflation that had engulfed Argentina's economy. Second, it would root out the guerrillas—whatever the cost...

 

Alfonsín and the Dirty War's Aftermath (1983-1989)

The 1983 elections made Raúl Alfonsín the first Radical party president to have won in free elections since 1916, and he had his work cut out for him...

 

Menem and the Roaring Nineties (1989-2001)

Uncharacteristically, the military watched from the sidelines as the 1989 presidential elections took place, ushering in an era of civilian governance that Argentina has had the good fortune to enjoy since...

 

Nestor Kirchner and Argentina Today (2001-present)

The 2001 crisis led to De la Rúa's resignation and a string of temporary heads of state, as one president after another tried his luck stabilizing the volatile situation...

Indigenous Argentina

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